Yes, he really said it!

Heinrich Heine predicted the Nazi Holocaust 100 years in advance.

Copyright © 1999 by Hugo S. Cunningham
first posted 990410
last updated 2007/0516

"They that start by burning books will end by burning men." (German)
"Dort, wo man Bücher verbrennt, verbrennt man am Ende auch Menschen."
--Heinrich Heine (1797-1856), from his play Almansor (1821)


Hitler quotes, real and bogus

Biographical Summary

Heine's tensions with the German "Romantic" movement, precursors (in some ways) of the Nazis

Article from Nazi newpaper "Völkischer Beobachter" celebrating a nationwide bookburning event on 10 May 1933.

"The History Place" has a photo of Nazis burning books as part of this event.

Projekt Gutenberg-DE Die digitale Bibliothek ("The digital library") has complete German-language books by many authors, including Heinrich Heine.

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